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charcoal and its socioeconomic importance in asia

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Charcoal and its Socio-Economic Importance in Asia: Prospects for Promotion1 Tara N. Bhattarai Wood Energy Resources Specialist, RWEDP 1. Why charcoal? User Convenience: Charcoal can be an excellent domestic fuel. Charcoal can be made from virtually any organic material, like wood, straw, coconut shells, rice husks, bones.

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Except in some countries, industrial application of charcoal in Asia is limited. But a large number of traditional rural industries and commercial establishments use it as energy source. This paper deals with the socio-economic importance of charcoal for Asia and was presented at the Regional Training on Charcoal Production which was held in ...

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Charcoal and its SocioEconomic Importance in Asia: Prospects for Promotion1 Tara Bhattarai It is true that by converting fuelwood into charcoal one could benefits from reducing the

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Except in some countries, industrial application of charcoal in Asia is limited. But a large number of traditional rural industries and commercial establishments use it as energy source. Weight reduction for long distance transportation: One of the reasons to convert wood into charcoal is to reduce its weight with respect to its energy content ...

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On the other hand KALU and IZEKOR (2007) maintained that Charcoal enterprise is adopted to meet some socio-economic benefits and energy needs of the people. Therefore, its production would not stop because available alternatives are limited and expensive. Charcoal export began in Nigeria in 1904 (Light and Sound, 2009).

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Ethiopia is one of the largest charcoal-producing countries in Africa where its urban consumers burn over 3 million tons per year. The purpose of this study was to measure the amount of charcoal produced and its related environmental and socioeconomic impact in the study area. A total of 305 respondents were selected by using a simple random sampling technique.

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Wood Energy Conversion - ERNET

Charcoal and its Socio-Economic Importance in Asia: Prospects for Promotion, Paper: Biomass/Wood Energy Resources: Commercial Prospects for Wood-Based Technologies, Paper: Biomass Briquetting: Technology and Practices, Field Document 46: International Workshop on Biomass Briquetting, RM 23

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The Importance of the Asia-Pacific Region - VOA

Sep 24, 2012  The region is a key engine for the global economy. Its 21 economies have a combined GDP of $39 trillion – 56 percent of world economic output. The region also represents 56 percent of total U.S. trade, and contains the world’s most dynamic trade and energy routes. The Asia-Pacific region has half of the world’s population and some of the ...

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Making charcoal production in Sub Sahara sustainable

The main technical, socio-economic and environmental issues in each step of the charcoal value chain have been described: fuelwood production and harvest, charcoal production, charcoal logistics and trade (comprising transport, wholesaling and retailing), and charcoal uses (in particular as household fuel for cooking and heating).

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The market price method (Adeyemi et al., 2012;Brander et al., 2010;Spaninks and Beukering, 1997) was used to assess the value of each product, which was established through the exchange of goods ...

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(PDF) Socio-Economic Implications of Charcoal Production ...

Currently the fo reign buyers buy at 170 Eu ros, Socio-Economic Implications Of Charcoal Produc tion And Marketing In Nigeria. iosrjournals.o rg 44 Page. Therefore 170 Euros x 23 Tones at ...

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SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF CHARCOAL

Social and Environmental Implications of Charcoal Production in Liberia 1. Introduction Large-scale charcoal production, primarily in sub Saharan Africa, has been a growing concern due to its threat of deforestation, land degradation and climate change impacts. It is cited as the most environmentally devastating phase of this traditional

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Engaging Zambian charcoal producers in sustainability ...

Aug 31, 2021  Charcoal production is a major driver of deforestation and forest degradation in Zambia. Increasing demand from urbanization and power cuts have in recent years have led to a greater dependency on wood fuel to meet urban households’ energy needs, largely at the expense of the country’s forests and woodlands. For farmers, charcoal making has become []

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(DOC) ECONOMICS OF PRODUCTION OF CHARCOAL IN OKE

The Food and Agriculture Organisation (2000) points out that, charcoal is a very important energy source for households. Its saturation ranges from 54 to 71 percent in urban areas and it is the main fuel for more than 1 million families in Sub Saharan Africa.

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The socioeconomic and environmental impacts of wood energy ...

Jun 01, 2015  The vast majority of households in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) depend on wood energy—comprising firewood and charcoal—for their daily energetic needs. Such consumption trends are expected to remain a common feature of SSA’s wood energy production and supply chains, at least in the short- to medium-terms. Notwithstanding its importance, wood energy generally has low priority

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Resources Free Full-Text Charcoal as an Energy ...

While the informal charcoal economy has socioeconomic advantages, such as entrepreneurship and local government revenue from permits, which relieve its stakeholders from abject poverty and generate microeconomic development, the production and use of charcoal worldwide pose risks to the environment and to public health.

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Chapter 1 Why Asian Regionalism?

Asia is now so important to the world economy that it must also play a larger role in global economic leadership. Regional economic cooperation is essential for addressing these challenges. Asia’s economic rise is unprecedented. The region is home to over half the world’s population, produces three tenths of global ...

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The socioeconomic and environmental impacts of wood

its importance, wood energy generally has low priority in SSA national policies. However, the use of wood energy is often considered a key driver of unsustainable management and negative environmental consequences in the humid and dry forests. To date, unsystematic assessments of the socio-economic and environmental consequences of wood energy ...

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ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT

3.1 Economic, Social and Environmental Assessment of Bamboo In the sections above, the status of natural resources and socio‐economic development of bamboo was assessed along with background information on its plantations. The economic, social and environmental impacts of bamboo plantations in this case was examined as stated below.

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EFFECTS OF SOCIAL, ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECONOMIC

emergence of this same virus throughout Asia in late 2003 and 2004 has resulted in 42 human infections with 30 deaths in Thailand and Vietnam by 1 October 2004, and the continued threat of a global human pandemic [28]. 3.1. Economic Factors that Influence Infectious Diseases With the control of infectious diseases in industrialized counties during

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Mangrove Ecosystems of Asia: Status, Challenges and ...

It is also of great socio-economic importance as a hydrological regulator, playing an important role in flood mitigation, buffering against saline intrusion and waves.

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Unpacking the evidence on firewood and charcoal in Africa ...

Oct 03, 2013  Unpacking the evidence on firewood and charcoal in Africa. Woodfuel meets around a tenth of the world’s energy demand, with its users overwhelmingly found in sub-Saharan Africa. Here, nine out of ten people—around 760 million individuals—rely on firewood and charcoal as their primary source of energy for cooking, heating and other uses.

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Macrophomina phaseolina–host interface: Insights into an ...

Mar 30, 2021  1 INTRODUCTION. Worldwide, dry root rot (also known as charcoal or crown root rot), caused by Macrophomina phaseolina, is an important disease affecting many plantation, arable, and horticultural crops including cereals and legumes (Iqbal Mukhtar, 2014).Among the leguminous crops, dry root rot causes substantial yield losses in chickpea and soybean (Gupta et al., 2012a; Sharma et

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Analysis of the Charcoal Market Chain in Northwest ...

Feb 25, 2021  Understanding the market chain of charcoal in Ethiopia and other countries in sub-Saharan-Africa, and implementing evidence-based recommendations can improve the livelihoods of all stakeholders in the value chain. This study was initiated to identify the marketing channels of charcoal and the major factors influencing its market supply in Fagita Lekoma district, Northwest Ethiopia.

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Japan’s Charcoal Making Traditions Still Alive - Our World

Around the turn of the century, charcoal was an important local export item for those Ishikawa villages with access to forest. Then, production fell dramatically in the context of the socio-economic changes that followed World War II, when electrification and propane gas use became widespread in rural areas.

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Asia Charcoal Briquettes Market Analysis Report 2020-2024

Asia Charcoal Briquettes Market Overview. The Asian charcoal briquettes market stood at $952.5 million in 2019, and the market size is expected to showcase a CAGR of 6.2% during the forecast period (2020–2024). The increasing popularity of barbecued food and growing steel and cement industries, where heat is of high importance, are some of ...

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The socioeconomic and environmental impacts of wood energy ...

Jun 01, 2015  The vast majority of households in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) depend on wood energy—comprising firewood and charcoal—for their daily energetic needs. Such consumption trends are expected to remain a common feature of SSA’s wood energy production and supply chains, at least in the short- to medium-terms. Notwithstanding its importance, wood energy generally has low priority

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The Song Dynasty in China Asia for Educators

From Charcoal to Coal. At first charcoal was used in the production process, leading to deforestation of large parts of north China. By the end of the 11th century, however, coal had largely taken the place of charcoal. According to Marco Polo

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China’s charcoal futures are in full swing as flooding ...

Oct 11, 2021  China’s coal futures plummeted as floodwaters closed several mines and evacuated more than 100,000 people, shutting down the country’s largest power source and exacerbating the global electricity crisis. Futures on the Zhengzhou Commodity Exchange rose 11.6% to a high of Rmb1,408.20 ($ 218.74) tonne early Monday.

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(PDF) Examining Fuel Use in Antiquity: Archaeobotanical ...

Less common are fossil fuels such as the importance of fuel in shaping and enabling peat (Braadbaart et al. 2012), burned bone from cultural and socio-economic choices, relatively little hearths (Théry-Parisot et al. 2005), and FTIR or attention has been paid to the use and management micromorphological analysis of archaeological of fuel ...

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Charcoal production for cooking and heating Climate ...

Charcoal is used as a domestic fuel for cooking and heating in many developing countries. It is the most popular barbecue fuel throughout the world. Its advantages when used as a domestic fuel are that it: produces less smoke while burning, requires little or no preparation before actual use, has a higher energy content per unit mass, can be easily transported and stored, and reused when left ...

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EFFECTS OF SOCIAL, ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECONOMIC

emergence of this same virus throughout Asia in late 2003 and 2004 has resulted in 42 human infections with 30 deaths in Thailand and Vietnam by 1 October 2004, and the continued threat of a global human pandemic [28]. 3.1. Economic Factors that Influence Infectious Diseases With the control of infectious diseases in industrialized counties during

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Unpacking the evidence on firewood and charcoal in Africa ...

Oct 03, 2013  Unpacking the evidence on firewood and charcoal in Africa. Woodfuel meets around a tenth of the world’s energy demand, with its users overwhelmingly found in sub-Saharan Africa. Here, nine out of ten people—around 760 million individuals—rely on firewood and charcoal as their primary source of energy for cooking, heating and other uses.

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Chart: The Most Influential Countries in Asia

May 11, 2018  Chart: The Most Influential Countries in Asia. The Chart of the Week is a weekly Visual Capitalist feature on Fridays.. They say the pen is mightier than the sword. However, what they often fail to mention is that the pen is even mightier when it comes with massive amounts of leverage, influence, and power backing it up on every stroke.. How to Win Friends and Influence Countries

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Largest Cities In Asia - WorldAtlas

Jul 25, 2019  Despite its status as the most populous country in the world, in 2014 China began revising its one child policy, allowing some couples to have two children. The Dark Side of Population Growth The consequences of Asia’s high population and ongoing growths rates can be seen in various aspects of life, including in relation to social, economic ...

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China’s Rise and its Increasing Role in Asia - Focus on ...

May 17, 2007  China’s Rise and its Increasing Role in Asia. By Dorothy-Grace Guerrero*. Since it joined the World Trade Organisation in 2001, China increased its involvement in the East Asian regional economic cooperation to enhance its global competitiveness. The Chinese government shifted its diplomatic strategy from that of a developing country focused ...

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Analysis of the Charcoal Market Chain in Northwest ...

Feb 25, 2021  Understanding the market chain of charcoal in Ethiopia and other countries in sub-Saharan-Africa, and implementing evidence-based recommendations can improve the livelihoods of all stakeholders in the value chain. This study was initiated to identify the marketing channels of charcoal and the major factors influencing its market supply in Fagita Lekoma district, Northwest Ethiopia.

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Economic and social importance of fuelwood in Cameroon ...

The study presented in this article focuses on firewood and charcoal in Cameroon. The study analyses subnational secondary data combined in some cases with additional collected data on firewood and charcoal consumption as well as their market prices. The findings estimate a total consumption of 2.2 million metric tons for firewood and 356,530 metric tons for charcoal in urban areas of Cameroon ...

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